OntarioGenWeb's Census Project
Help Save Library & Archives Canada!
OntarioGenWeb's Census Project
FAQ
Search
Volunteer
Help
SiteMap
Contact
OntarioGenWeb
OntarioGenWeb Census Project Dictionary

Please feel free to print for reference


    Aggregate
      In the terms of census use (not in normal use) this word means that this type of census contains no names, only numbers. For example, it may list every member of the household, with columns such as "two adults, two children under the age of ten, four household members belong to Methodist Church." However, there are no names, so there's no way to tell which entry refers to your ancestor's household.


    Agricultural Census

      Information collected for this census was limited to the name of occupier (not owner) of the land, and any information pertaining to agriculture (# of acres, # and type of animals and crops and the value of each. Information regarding inhabitants of the land (other than the name of the head of household "occupier") were not collected.


    Alien

      A person not born in Ontario who had not been naturalized


    B

      [If in the Race or Colour Column] Black (African Origins)


    BC

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Bas-Canada (Quebec) or British Columbia in 1881/1891


    CB

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] British Columbia (Columbie-Britannique)


    C.E.

      Two meanings if NOT in the 'religion' column: [1] Canada East (Quebec) [2] Canada English (Ontario)


    Canada West

      Between 1841 and 1 July 1867 Ontario was known as Canada West (Quebec was known as Canada East "CE")


    County / District

      A geographical division of land within Ontario.


    C.W.

      See Canada West


    D

      [If in the Relationship Column] Daughter or Domestic (Servant)


    EB

      [If in the Race, Colour, Origin or Nationality Column] English breed - a person with one parent of English ancestry and one parent of Native ancestry. If the EB is preceeded by a Native Tribe name (ie, Cree E.B.) it means the Native ancestry is of that tribe.


    Enumerate

      Enumeration, etc. The act of collecting or having collected census data


    Enumeration District

      Each township or independent area was considered an enumeration district


    F

      [If in the Relationship Column] Father


    FB

      [If in the Race, Colour, Origin or Nationality Column] French Breed - a person with one parent of French ancestry and one parent of Native ancestry. If the FB is preceeded by a Native Tribe name (ie, Cree F.B.) it means the Native ancestry is of that tribe.


    H

      [If in the Relationship Column] Head of Household


    HC

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Upper Canada (Haut-Canada)


    Head

      As in "Head" of Household or "Head" of family. This generally referred to the owner or renter of the household at the time of enumeration. In most cases that was the patriarch (father) of the family


    Inmates

      In early censuses (1861 & prior) this referred not to criminals but to those living within each enumerated household


    IB

      [If in the Race, Colour, Origin or Nationality Column] Irish breed - a person with one parent of Irish ancestry and one parent of Native ancestry. If the IB is preceeded by a Native Tribe name (ie, Cree I.B.) it means the Native ancestry is of that tribe.


    IP

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Prince Edward Island (Île-du-Prince-Edouard)


    L

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] It may be Quebec! The letter 'Q' is some handwritten script resembles the letter 'L'


    L

      [If in the Relationship Column] Lodger


    L.C.

      See Upper Canada


    M

      [If in the Marital Column] Married


    M

      [If in the Relationship Column] Mother


    Man

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Manitoba


    Nativity

      Refers to the racial or native origins of an individual. For example - if an individual was born in Scotland their nativity is Scottish.


    Naturalized

      When an individual has become a "citizen" of a country that they were not born in. However, citizens of the United Kingdom did not need to be naturalized when they came to Canada, since Canada was under the domain of Britain.


    NE

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Nova Scotia (Nouvelle-Écosse)


    NB

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Most likely New Brunswick, but it *may* be North Britain


    NO

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Northwest Territories (Territoires du Nord-Ouest)


    NS

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Nova Scotia


    NW or NWT

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Northwest Territories


    O or Ont.

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Ontario


    OB

      [If in the Race, Colour, Origin or Nationality Column] Other Breed - a person with one parent of 'Other' ancestry and one parent of Native ancestry. If the OB is preceeded by a Native Tribe name (ie, Cree O.B.) it means the Native ancestry is of that tribe.


    O.R. / Ont.R

      Ontario Rural (meaning they live "in the country")


    O.U. / Ont.U

      Ontario Urban (meaning they live in a town, village or city-- an urban centre)


    Out of Limits

      In reference to "Residence if out of limits", if an individual's primary residence was outside of the enumeration district in which they were enumerated, their primary location would be listed here. An example -- If John Smith of Toronto was visiting friends in London during enumeration, his entry would have "Toronto" listed under 'Residence if out of limits'


    PEI

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Prince Edward Island


    Personal Census

      Information for this census encompassed all individuals that could be enumerated. Information included name, age, place of birth, occupation, and much more as time progressed


    Q or Que.

      [If in the Place of Birth or Residence Column] Quebec


    R

      [If in the Race or Colour Column] Red (Native Canadian)


    Religion


    S

      [If in the Marital Column] Single


    S

      [If in the Relationship Column] Son


    SB

      [If in the Race, Colour, Origin or Nationality Column] Scottish breed - a person with one parent of Scottish ancestry and one parent of Native ancestry. If the SB is preceeded by a Native Tribe name (ie, Cree S.B.) it means the Native ancestry is of that tribe.


    Schedule 1

      Each census year had more than one “schedule” that was part of the enumeration process. Schedule 1 was the population census, a listing of all persons living within each enumeration district. Our project is transcribing Schedule 1.


    Schedule 2

      Each census year had more than one “schedule” that was part of the enumeration process. Schedule 2 was the agricultural census (see ‘agricultural census’ above)


    SS

      [If in the Relationship Column] Step-Son -- Note that Step-Son in the 1800's did not have the same meaning as it does now! It may refer to a son-in-law, a close cousin, etc.


    Township

      A geographical division of a county.


    U.C.

      See Upper Canada


    Upper Canada

      Before 1841 Ontario was known as Upper Canada. (Quebec was known as Lower Canada "LC")


    Occupation


    W

      [If in the Race or Colour Column] White (Caucasian)


    Ward

      A geographical division of a city. Larger cities such as Toronto and Hamilton were often divided into 'wards' to allow for faster enumeration. An example -- St Andrew's Ward in Toronto


    W

      [If in the Marital Column] Widow / Widower


    W

      [If in the Relationship Column] Wife


    Y

      [If in the Race or Colour Column] Yellow (Asian Origins)

©OntarioGenWeb’s Census Project 1999-
Established 1 March 1999. Founders: Sherri Pettit, Suzanne Schaller, Joan Hapeman-Somers and K.St-Louis